Photo by : @imabhi_kr The Safdarjung Tomb also referred to as 'Safdarjung Ka Maqbara' is a garden tomb in New Delhi, India, made of marble and sandstone and built in late 18th century as mausoleum of Safdarjung, a statesman who remained the Wazir ul-Hindustan (Prime Minister of India) during the reign of Ahmad Shah Bahadur. This mausoleum built by Safdarjung’s son Nawab Shujaud Daula remains the last monumental garden tomb depicting Mughal architectural style.
Safdarjung, a Persian native and a descendant of Qara Yusuf from the Kara Koyunlu, was born as Muhammad Muqim in-Khurasan in 1708 AD. In 1722 AD, he relocated to India. He became the Subadar Nawab of Oudh that is the ruler of the state of Oudh or Awadh province on March 19, 1739, succeeding his maternal uncle turned father-in-law Burhan ul Mulk Saadat Ali Khan I, seemingly bribing Nadir Shah with twenty million rupees. He served the position throughout his life. Emperor Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad Shah bestowed upon him the title of “Safdarjung”. Following the demise of the Emperor, his son Ahmad Shah Bahadur ascended the throne as the new Mughal Emperor in 1748. The ever powerful and resourceful statesman Safdarjung, who proved his mettle as an able administrator relocated to Delhi where he was made the Wazir ul-Mamalik-i-Hindustan or Prime Minister of Hindustan. From 1750 to 1754 he remained the Subehdar of Assam. He was also made the governor of Ajmer. However as a result of court politics he was dismissed in 1753 and ousted from Delhi. In December 1753 he returned to Oudh. On October 5, 1754, he passed away in Sultanpur near Faizabad. The Mughal Emperor granted the plea of his son Nawab Shujaud Daula to allow the latter to construct a mausoleum of his father in Delhi. Construction of the tomb was completed in 1754.
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