The Roman Aqueducts
During the late Roman Empire the romans constructed colossal aqueducts. These aqueducts streamed water from sources far outside cities and towns – this allocated water to mining operations, public baths, milling, fountains, farms, private households and gardens. The first Roman aqueduct was built in 312 BCE. What makes these aqueducts so noteworthy is that they only used gravity to move water. This grand architectural feat was executed by using a slight downward gradient. These stone, brick, or concrete aqueducts sustained a population of over a million people. With a staggering amount of wealth and a lot of money for public projects, loads of aqueducts were constructed. By 226 CE 11 aqueducts transported 300 million gallons of water each day to the city of Rome. During Rome’s many wars their enemies knew how dependent they were of water for their extravagant public bathhouses and daily activities and therefore destroyed these aqueducts. Between earthquakes and rivals the aqueducts were devastated. After the fall of Rome the aqueducts were not put back into use until the Renaissance period – it must have been quite a dry spell. Today the flow never stops, seeing that some Roman aqueducts are still (partly) used in Rome! What do you think of this extreme architectural accomplishment? We think it’s a piece of art! Till next time ArtYoungers.