#Today in #history #23September -1858
#GrantDuf, #historian who studied #Maratha history, died.Duff was to become a #CivilServant of the #EastIndiaCompany, but being impatient at the prospect of delay in obtaining a post he accepted a cadetship in 1805 and sailed for Bombay. After completing the cadet training in Bombay, he joined the Bombay #Grenadiers. In 1808 Duff participated as an ensign in the storming of Maliah, a fortified stronghold of freebooters, where he displayed #bravery. At an unusually early age he became adjutant to his #regiment and Persian interpreter, and was even more influential in it than this position indicated. While still a lieutenant he attracted the attention of Mountstuart Elphinstone, then Company resident of Poona, and became, along with Henry Pottinger, his assistant and devoted friend. He was particularly successful in understanding the native character, and in discovering the mean between too rapid reform and too great deference to native prejudice and immobility.
During the long operations against the #Peshwa #Bajirao II, terminating in his overthrow, Grant took a considerable part, both in a civil and in a #military capacity, attaining the rank of #captain in his regiment.Upon the settlement of the country he was appointed in 1818 to the important office of resident of Sattara State. His instructions are contained in a letter of Elphinstone's, dated 8 April 1818, and his remuneration was fixed at 2000 rupees per month, with allowances of 1500 rupees per month, which was in addition to an office establishment.Here, in the heart of a warlike province, the centre of the Mahratta confederacy, with but one European companion and a body of native infantry, he succeeded in maintaining himself in a hostile #environment.