Hortus Botanicus / ZJA •
The Hortus Botanicus of the University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been situated on the Nieuwe Herengracht since 1692, and for many years it enjoyed a high international regard. However, in 1986 the UvA decided to close the Hortus because of cost-cutting measures and the fact that changes in the study of biology meant that a plant garden was not such a necessity. Because of the dilapidated state of the complex, most of the greenhouses were demolished. Much of the plant collection was moved elsewhere. On the initiative of the Vereniging Vrienden van de Hortus (Friends of the Hortus Association) a campaign was launched in order to save the Hortus and open it to the public. Refreshment facilities were added. The main priority in this initiative was the construction of a new greenhouse to reconsolidate and house the dispersed plant collection. The Hortus greenhouse has a surface area of about 1,500 square metres and a height that varies from 4 to 11 metres. The greenhouse is subdivided into three zones for different types of climates: a tropical, a subtropical and a desert climate, separated by glass walls.