Friedrich Robert von Beringe was a German Army officer from Aschersleben. In 1894 von Beringe volunteered for the recently created (in 1891) German East Africa Protectorate Force Schutztruppe, and he was promoted to Captain in 1899. In August of 1902 along with a physician, Dr. Engeland, Corporal Ehrhardt, twenty Askaris, a machine gun and necessary porters set off from Usumbura on the 19th of August to visit the Sultan Msinga of Rwanda and then proceed north to reach a some volcanos. The purpose of the trip was to visit the German outposts in what was then German East Africa in order to keep in touch with local chiefs and to confirm good relations, while strengthening the influence and power of the German Government in these regions. After reaching the volcanos the men attempted to climb Mount Sambyinyo. After five hours of climbing the men spotted what they described as large monkeys at 3100 metres. The expedition shot at the animals killing two and taking their corpses for study. At first the scientist were unable to determine if it was a chimp or gorilla since no species like this had ever been documented in this area. On the journey back, the skin and one of the hands of the animal that von Beringe collected were taken by a hyena but the rest finally arrived safely at the museum in Berlin. It was later described by a Dr. Matschi as a new subspecies of gorilla and named after von Beringe. This new subspecies was the Mountain Gorilla.
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