Freedom Square (Azadlıq meydanı), in Baku is the biggest city-centre square in Azerbaijan. It lies next to Baku Boulevard.
The square, formerly named Lenin Square after Vladimir Lenin, was created in the 1960–70s, after construction of the Government House of Baku was finished in 1952 and monument to Lenin was erected in front of it in 1955. Along with the square, Baku authorities constructed several buildings including "Azerbaijan" and "Absheron" hotels encircling the square, which were later demolished and replaced with #Hilton Baku and JW #Marriott Absheron Baku #Hotel. The Lenin monument sculpted by D. M. Garyaghdi was removed in early 1990s. The square was then also renamed in 1991 to Azadliq Square (Freedom Square) after collapse of Soviet Union. In 2006, the government sponsored project oversaw renovation works at the Government House and its vicinity including Azadliq Square. Works lasted until 2010.
Starting on 17 November 1988, large-scale demonstrations began in Baku's Lenin Square to protest against the alleged destruction of a forest near Shusha by Armenians. As the demonstrations continued, they became increasingly anti- #Armenian, with chants of "death to the Armenians" and demands that those convicted of the murder of Armenians during the Sumgait pogrom be released. The demonstrations also developed into an anti-central #government, anti-Soviet #protest. On 23 November, a curfew was imposed in Baku and Soviet troops tried unsuccessfully to disperse the crowds.
During the Cold #War Lenin's Square was used As a parade ground for the annual International Workers' Day - May 1, #Victory Day - #May 9, and #October Revolution - November 7 parades and demonstrations.
The events later led to proclamation, in 1992, of #National Revival #Day of 17 #November.
Following the #Black January crackdown by Soviet troops in Baku on 20 #January 1990, Azadliq #Square became the gathering and mourning place for approximately 2 #million #people who gathered to take the dead to a burial site in Martyrs' Lane in upper #Baku.