When 2,000 degree liquid red hot basalt Hawaiian lava hits the ocean, the ocean boils. During Kilauea’s incredible eruption this summer, massive clouds billowed from the ocean entry as new land was slowly added to the Big Island. The interaction between the lava and the ocean produces a cloud known as laze, which is saltwater steam, hydrochloric acid, and tiny particles of volcanic glass. The USGS likens this unfriendly cloud to diffuse battery acid though with bonus tiny shards of glass. From 3,000 feet above in a Paradise Helicopter charter, I looked down and saw this scene below. The sun had risen resulting in huge specular reflections across the surface of the pacific, while the billowing laze stacked up vertically below us as it streamed up in the trade winds. A cloud was causing a shadow along the edge of the fresh land and the higher clouds were lit by the direct sun. The effect for me is very three dimensional even though this photograph is a two dimensional medium. Thinking back I am still amazed at what I witnessed, and I am still heartbroken for all that was lost.