Maungaroa Ridge, Piha, 2018. The effect of kauri dieback is well illustrated here, in the skeletal, twiggy looking silhouettes of infected trees along the ridgeline. This area of forest is a juvenile kauri ricker stand, in effect a 'nursery' for the next generation of kauri. It's a grim image given the disease is lethal, and the young trees here show advanced signs of infection. Their prospects of their survival are slim - most can be expected to die & forest landscape to be forever altered. It's deeply troubling to see trees emblematic of NZ's natural heritage critically endangered, with no availability of a treatment or cure that's effective on a forest scale. The future of these forests lies in their management - perhaps we should expect to see the Waitakeres fenced off for good, and managed as a mainland island or sanctuary in the very near future.