Gardenia jasminoides, the gardenia, . It originated in and is most commonly found growing wild in , , , , , , and . Gardenia, botanical name Gardenia augusta, is primarily valued for its highly scented blossoms, although gardenia flowers have culinary and medicinal uses as herbs. Gardenia fruits contain yellow pigments and are used as a spice and for . This is nutritious, being a source of . Although is principally known as a pot plant and for its flowers, which are often included in bridal bouquets and used as a perfume for cosmetics, gardenia is also considered as an herb because both the flowers and fruits produced by Gardenia augusta are edible and have culinary, medicinal uses.
The attractive gardenia plant is one of over 200 genera of evergreen shrubs in the Rubiaceae family, which numbers over 10,000 . Possibly its most famous relative being , better known as .
Uses: The first documented use of gardenia in , or , was from the ( AD25-AD220). Gardenia leaves, flowers and were included in several canon or formulas, which are mostly for the common cold. In Asia, gardenia is known as the 'happiness herb' because it is said to detoxify the liver, thereby releasing negative emotions. This may have led to the association between gardenia and love, healing and spiritually.