John Birks “Dizzy” Gillespie (1917-1993) was american jazz trumpeter, recognized as one of the most major contrbutors to the development of American bebop and modern jazz. Known as the "ambassador of jazz", he began his career in the 1930s, when he joined Cab Calloway's orchestra.
Gillespie was a trumpet virtuoso and improviser, building on the virtuoso style of Roy Eldridge but adding layers of harmonic complexity previously unknown in jazz.
His beret and horn-rimmed spectacles, his scat singing, his bent horn, pouched cheeks and his light-hearted personality were essential in popularizing bebop.
Whilst being incredibly talented and proficient on his instrument, he simultaneously had an enormous influence on music at the time - and Jazz as a whole.
Him and his greatest collaborator, Charlie Parker, defined the music of the 1940s - and produced some of the best jazz recordings ever made.
For the next six decades, he led his own bands, both big and small and toured the world playing his complex and upbeat music.
He has performed with virtually all the great names of jazz to included Miles Davis, Thelonious Monk, Stan Levey, John Coltrane, Louis Armstrong, Stan Getz, Chano Pozo, Clifford Brown, among many others, as one of the masters of Jazz trumpet.
Through these musicians, a new vocabulary of musical phrases was created. Gillespie compositions like “Groovin’ High”, “Woody n’ You" and "Salt Peanuts" sounded radically different, harmonically and rhythmically, from the swing music popular at the time.
The song “A Night in Tunisia”, written in 1942, while Gillespie was playing with Earl Hines’ band, is noted for having a feature that is common in today’s music, a non-walking bass line. The song also displays Afro-Cuban rhythms.
In 1972, he received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the National Association of Recording Arts and Sciences' Grammy Award ceremonies.
Dizzy received too the National Medal of Arts from President George Bush.
P.S.: Song: "No More Blues"/ "Chega de Saudade"
Composer: Antônio Carlos Jobim
Lyricist: Vinícius de Moraes
Dizzy Gillespie - trumpet
Kenny Barron - piano
Rudy Collins - drums
Christopher White - bass
James Moody - alto sax