Huaca Pucllana dates back to 200-700 AD and was discovered in modern day Lima under a mountain of dirt being used as a quad bike park. Once excavated they found an ancient Peruvian temple and pyramid. No one was believed to have lived here but rather people came from the surrounding villages to worship and perform religious acts and burials. They structures are made from clay building blocks, which had to be completely replaced every 10-15 years. The original site was 18 hectors, now only 6 are preserved as a historical site in central downtown Lima.
The two main gods of this time in Lima were the Moon god and the Sea god, resulting in the temple and banquets being sea themed and locals travelling afar to bring shark meat for ceremonial feasts.
Many ceremonies centred around human sacrifice were said to have taken place here. One for which twenty six women had their head decapitated as a fertility ritual, all of who, were young mothers.
Huaca Pucllana was also a burial site for the wealthy and ancient Lima royalty. Tradition had it that when they buried someone here they also would sacrifice a child or sometimes several children, they believed this would help the deceased soul into its journey in the afterlife.
During another ceremony for rainfall, there was a human sacrifice of 65 people. Lima is located in the midst of a desert and is therefore the world’s second driest capital city, second only to Cairo, Egypt. Meaning of course that water was greatly sought after.