Temple Street Garage. 1961. Paul Rudolph.
Paul Rudolph is the architect most associated with modern architecture in New Haven, so it's fitting that we end with him.
Rudolph's Temple Street Garage epitomizes planning during New Haven's Model City era. The garage was planned in conjunction with the Chapel Street Mall, an enclosed mall meant to attract shoppers flocking to auto-oriented shopping centers in the suburbs. City planners identified neighborhood-scale retail, then considered obsolete, as the problem and not the automobile. Blocks of historic, human-scale buildings were demolished to make way for the mall. The enclosed block took up one of the blocks while a parking garage, meant to lure back car-crazy consumers, took up two. Did you get that? Planners allocated one block for retail and two for parking. Two. The mall failed in the end anyway, but the drivers still use the parking garage.
I don't like being a Debbie Downer, so I'll end with some positive feels: for a parking garage, it's surprisingly graceful. Concrete is molded into piers that have the motion of sculpture. Here, as he did elsewhere, Rudolph used concrete to create a sense of flow. The stacked layers create a cave-like structure that almost passes for comforting. Almost.