Republic of Armenia
Haghpat Monastery. Also known as Haghpatavank, Haghpat Monastery is a medieval monastery complex, founded by Queen Khosrovanuysh, circa 976. The location was chosen so it overlooks the Debed River in northern Armenia's Lori region. It was built halfway up a hillside to afford protection and concealment from prying eyes and also in response to a kind of monastic humility. -
Armenia is in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, bordered by Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran and the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Historically, the area was known as Urartu, established in 860 BC. The Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the Great in the 1st century BC and became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion in the late 3rd or early 4th century AD. The official date of state adoption of Christianity is 301. -
The ancient Armenian kingdom split between the Byzantine and Sasanian Empires in the early 5th century, then was restored in the 9th century. The kingdom fell in 1045 and Armenia was soon after invaded by the Seljuk Turks. -
Between the 16th century and 19th, rule passed between the Ottoman and Iranian empires. By the 19th century, Eastern Armenia had been conquered by the Russian Empire. During World War I, Armenians living in their ancestral lands in the Ottoman Empire were systematically exterminated in the Armenian Genocide. In 1918, following the Russian Revolution, all non-Russian countries declared their independence after the Russian Empire ceased to exist, leading to the establishment of the First Republic of Armenia. By 1920, the state was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, and in 1922 became a founding member of the Soviet Union. -
The modern Republic of Armenia became independent in 1991 during the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
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